Martin Van Buren (in office 1837-1841), did not speak English as his first language. Growing up in the Dutch community of Kinderhook, New York, he spoke Dutch as a child and learned English as a second language while attending the local school house.
General Order No. 11 was issued by General Ulysses S. Grant on Dec. 17, 1862 expelling all Jews from Tennessee, Mississippi, and Kentucky. The order was issued because Grant thought the black market in cotton was run “mostly by Jews and other unprincipled traders.” It was revoked a few weeks later by President Lincoln.